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About Budapest

Budapest

About Budapest

Today’s Budapest was created on 17th November 1873 by uniting the towns of Pest – lying on the East bank of the Danube –, Buda and Óbuda – both spreading on the west bank of the river. Written history of today’s Budapest goes back to the Roman era for it was established in 89 AD under the name of Aquincum. The founding fathers, the Magyars, appeared in the area after the fall of the Roman Empire, in the time of the great migration, around 880 AD. According to Anonymus’ writings, Árpád, leader of the settlers, chose Buda Castle, „the city of King Attila”.

The Árpád Dynasty held their governing power for generations. During the reign of Béla IV the Tatars almost entirely burnt the area now known as Obuda and Pest. After they left the country, Béla had it rebuilt and placed his daughter – as he had sworn – on an island donated to the church, the Isle of Rabbits (Today the Margaret Island), who later became a famous saint of the city. With the extinction of the Árpád Dynasty the country became the location of inheritage, King Károly Róbert, Lajos the Great, Zsigmond of Luxemburg and of course King Mátyás flourished the royal court into a true renaissance centre.

The Turkish started against Hungary at the beginning of the 16th century and took the country under invasion for 150 years. Today, many artefacts and architectural memories from this period can be seen all over the city. Budapest is also the citadel of baths and thermal water. Thanks to its geographical position it is rich in thermal water and its baths are known worldwide. In 1686 the Habsburg Empire took over Buda and Pest, but the country paid its price.

The start of the Reform Period brought the start of a new boom of the city with the reign of Mária Terézia and József II. The first railway opened in 1846 between Vác and Pest. In 1848 the constructions of the Lánchíd (The Chain Bridge) were completed. The Hungarian Revolution started on 15th March 1848, which was fought back by the Austrians and the members of the Parliament with Lajos Battyhány were executed. After the settlement Budapest developed in a fast pace. The two cities were united by Parliament in 1873. Public transport started its development in the growing city; the Western Railway Station in 1874, the Eastern Railway Station in 1884, and then the first tram of the country consigned in 1877. In 1884 the Opera House also opened its doors.

In the twentieth century Budapest was seriously damaged during World War II. In 1944, through the massacre of the Nyilas terror and the slaughter of the Soviet and German soldiers, over 100 000 civilians lost their lives. The centre of the 1956 Hungarian Revolution was Budapest, which was fought back by the Soviet Union who then put its government into a leading position in Hungary. Through the socialist era Budapest was rebuilt from the damages of the world war and its population reached its peak number with over two million inhabitants. The Soviet troops left the country in 1989; since then Hungary has been a republic and part of the European Union since 2004.

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Free airport transfer

Stay minimum 3 nights with us until 31/03/2017 to have a free of charge transfer from the airport to the hotel. Valid for new, direct bookings only. Please reffer this offer upon reservation.

 


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Did you know?

Gellért Hill was named after the first bishop of Hungary.


The seventh sense of Budapest

H-1074 Dohány utca 64. Budapest HUNGARY
tel: +36 1 872-8292 | fax: +36 1 872-8200